#[repr(transparent)]
pub struct ManuallyDrop<T>
where T: ?Sized,
{ value: T, }
Expand description

A wrapper to inhibit compiler from automatically calling T’s destructor. This wrapper is 0-cost.

ManuallyDrop<T> is guaranteed to have the same layout and bit validity as T, and is subject to the same layout optimizations as T. As a consequence, it has no effect on the assumptions that the compiler makes about its contents. For example, initializing a ManuallyDrop<&mut T> with mem::zeroed is undefined behavior. If you need to handle uninitialized data, use MaybeUninit<T> instead.

Note that accessing the value inside a ManuallyDrop<T> is safe. This means that a ManuallyDrop<T> whose content has been dropped must not be exposed through a public safe API. Correspondingly, ManuallyDrop::drop is unsafe.

§ManuallyDrop and drop order.

Rust has a well-defined drop order of values. To make sure that fields or locals are dropped in a specific order, reorder the declarations such that the implicit drop order is the correct one.

It is possible to use ManuallyDrop to control the drop order, but this requires unsafe code and is hard to do correctly in the presence of unwinding.

For example, if you want to make sure that a specific field is dropped after the others, make it the last field of a struct:

struct Context;

struct Widget {
    children: Vec<Widget>,
    // `context` will be dropped after `children`.
    // Rust guarantees that fields are dropped in the order of declaration.
    context: Context,
}

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§value: T

Implementations§

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impl<T> ManuallyDrop<T>

const: 1.32.0 · source

pub const fn new(value: T) -> ManuallyDrop<T>

Wrap a value to be manually dropped.

§Examples
use std::mem::ManuallyDrop;
let mut x = ManuallyDrop::new(String::from("Hello World!"));
x.truncate(5); // You can still safely operate on the value
assert_eq!(*x, "Hello");
// But `Drop` will not be run here
const: 1.32.0 · source

pub const fn into_inner(slot: ManuallyDrop<T>) -> T

Extracts the value from the ManuallyDrop container.

This allows the value to be dropped again.

§Examples
use std::mem::ManuallyDrop;
let x = ManuallyDrop::new(Box::new(()));
let _: Box<()> = ManuallyDrop::into_inner(x); // This drops the `Box`.
1.42.0 · source

pub unsafe fn take(slot: &mut ManuallyDrop<T>) -> T

Takes the value from the ManuallyDrop<T> container out.

This method is primarily intended for moving out values in drop. Instead of using ManuallyDrop::drop to manually drop the value, you can use this method to take the value and use it however desired.

Whenever possible, it is preferable to use into_inner instead, which prevents duplicating the content of the ManuallyDrop<T>.

§Safety

This function semantically moves out the contained value without preventing further usage, leaving the state of this container unchanged. It is your responsibility to ensure that this ManuallyDrop is not used again.

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impl<T> ManuallyDrop<T>
where T: ?Sized,

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pub unsafe fn drop(slot: &mut ManuallyDrop<T>)

Manually drops the contained value. This is exactly equivalent to calling ptr::drop_in_place with a pointer to the contained value. As such, unless the contained value is a packed struct, the destructor will be called in-place without moving the value, and thus can be used to safely drop pinned data.

If you have ownership of the value, you can use ManuallyDrop::into_inner instead.

§Safety

This function runs the destructor of the contained value. Other than changes made by the destructor itself, the memory is left unchanged, and so as far as the compiler is concerned still holds a bit-pattern which is valid for the type T.

However, this “zombie” value should not be exposed to safe code, and this function should not be called more than once. To use a value after it’s been dropped, or drop a value multiple times, can cause Undefined Behavior (depending on what drop does). This is normally prevented by the type system, but users of ManuallyDrop must uphold those guarantees without assistance from the compiler.

Trait Implementations§

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impl<T> Clone for ManuallyDrop<T>
where T: Clone + ?Sized,

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fn clone(&self) -> ManuallyDrop<T>

Returns a copy of the value. Read more
1.0.0 · source§

fn clone_from(&mut self, source: &Self)

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more
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impl<T> Debug for ManuallyDrop<T>
where T: Debug + ?Sized,

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fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result<(), Error>

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
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impl<T> Default for ManuallyDrop<T>
where T: Default + ?Sized,

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fn default() -> ManuallyDrop<T>

Returns the “default value” for a type. Read more
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impl<T> DerefMut for ManuallyDrop<T>
where T: ?Sized,

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fn deref_mut(&mut self) -> &mut T

Mutably dereferences the value.
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impl<T> Hash for ManuallyDrop<T>
where T: Hash + ?Sized,

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fn hash<__H>(&self, state: &mut __H)
where __H: Hasher,

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more
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impl<T> Ord for ManuallyDrop<T>
where T: Ord + ?Sized,

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fn cmp(&self, other: &ManuallyDrop<T>) -> Ordering

This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more
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impl<T> PartialEq for ManuallyDrop<T>
where T: PartialEq + ?Sized,

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fn eq(&self, other: &ManuallyDrop<T>) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==.
1.0.0 · source§

fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason.
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impl<T> PartialOrd for ManuallyDrop<T>
where T: PartialOrd + ?Sized,

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fn partial_cmp(&self, other: &ManuallyDrop<T>) -> Option<Ordering>

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more
1.0.0 · source§

fn lt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more
1.0.0 · source§

fn le(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more
1.0.0 · source§

fn gt(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more
1.0.0 · source§

fn ge(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more
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impl<T> Deref for ManuallyDrop<T>
where T: ?Sized,

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type Target = T

The resulting type after dereferencing.
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fn deref(&self) -> &T

Dereferences the value.
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impl<T> Copy for ManuallyDrop<T>
where T: Copy + ?Sized,

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impl<T> Eq for ManuallyDrop<T>
where T: Eq + ?Sized,

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impl<T> StructuralPartialEq for ManuallyDrop<T>
where T: ?Sized,

Auto Trait Implementations§

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impl<T: ?Sized> RefUnwindSafe for ManuallyDrop<T>
where T: RefUnwindSafe,

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impl<T: ?Sized> Send for ManuallyDrop<T>
where T: Send,

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impl<T: ?Sized> Sync for ManuallyDrop<T>
where T: Sync,

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impl<T: ?Sized> Unpin for ManuallyDrop<T>
where T: Unpin,

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impl<T: ?Sized> UnwindSafe for ManuallyDrop<T>
where T: UnwindSafe,

Blanket Implementations§

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impl<T> Any for T
where T: 'static + ?Sized,

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fn type_id(&self) -> TypeId

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more
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impl<U> As for U

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fn as_<T>(self) -> T
where T: CastFrom<U>,

Casts self to type T. The semantics of numeric casting with the as operator are followed, so <T as As>::as_::<U> can be used in the same way as T as U for numeric conversions. Read more
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impl<T> Borrow<T> for T
where T: ?Sized,

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fn borrow(&self) -> &T

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
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impl<T> BorrowMut<T> for T
where T: ?Sized,

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fn borrow_mut(&mut self) -> &mut T

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
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impl<T> CallHasher for T
where T: Hash + ?Sized,

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fn get_hash<H, B>(value: &H, build_hasher: &B) -> u64
where H: Hash + ?Sized, B: BuildHasher,

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impl<T> Downcast for T
where T: Any,

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fn into_any(self: Box<T>) -> Box<dyn Any>

Convert Box<dyn Trait> (where Trait: Downcast) to Box<dyn Any>. Box<dyn Any> can then be further downcast into Box<ConcreteType> where ConcreteType implements Trait.
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fn into_any_rc(self: Rc<T>) -> Rc<dyn Any>

Convert Rc<Trait> (where Trait: Downcast) to Rc<Any>. Rc<Any> can then be further downcast into Rc<ConcreteType> where ConcreteType implements Trait.
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fn as_any(&self) -> &(dyn Any + 'static)

Convert &Trait (where Trait: Downcast) to &Any. This is needed since Rust cannot generate &Any’s vtable from &Trait’s.
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fn as_any_mut(&mut self) -> &mut (dyn Any + 'static)

Convert &mut Trait (where Trait: Downcast) to &Any. This is needed since Rust cannot generate &mut Any’s vtable from &mut Trait’s.
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impl<T> DowncastSync for T
where T: Any + Send + Sync,

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fn into_any_arc(self: Arc<T>) -> Arc<dyn Any + Send + Sync>

Convert Arc<Trait> (where Trait: Downcast) to Arc<Any>. Arc<Any> can then be further downcast into Arc<ConcreteType> where ConcreteType implements Trait.
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impl<Q, K> Equivalent<K> for Q
where Q: Eq + ?Sized, K: Borrow<Q> + ?Sized,

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fn equivalent(&self, key: &K) -> bool

Compare self to key and return true if they are equal.
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impl<Q, K> Equivalent<K> for Q
where Q: Eq + ?Sized, K: Borrow<Q> + ?Sized,

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fn equivalent(&self, key: &K) -> bool

Checks if this value is equivalent to the given key. Read more
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impl<Q, K> Equivalent<K> for Q
where Q: Eq + ?Sized, K: Borrow<Q> + ?Sized,

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fn equivalent(&self, key: &K) -> bool

Compare self to key and return true if they are equal.
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impl<T> From<T> for T

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fn from(t: T) -> T

Returns the argument unchanged.

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impl<T, U> Into<U> for T
where U: From<T>,

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fn into(self) -> U

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

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impl<T> Pointable for T

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const ALIGN: usize = _

The alignment of pointer.
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type Init = T

The type for initializers.
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unsafe fn init(init: <T as Pointable>::Init) -> usize

Initializes a with the given initializer. Read more
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unsafe fn deref<'a>(ptr: usize) -> &'a T

Dereferences the given pointer. Read more
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unsafe fn deref_mut<'a>(ptr: usize) -> &'a mut T

Mutably dereferences the given pointer. Read more
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unsafe fn drop(ptr: usize)

Drops the object pointed to by the given pointer. Read more
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impl<T> Same for T

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type Output = T

Should always be Self
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impl<T> ToOwned for T
where T: Clone,

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type Owned = T

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.
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fn to_owned(&self) -> T

Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more
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fn clone_into(&self, target: &mut T)

Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more
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impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for T
where U: Into<T>,

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type Error = Infallible

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
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fn try_from(value: U) -> Result<T, <T as TryFrom<U>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.
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impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for T
where U: TryFrom<T>,

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type Error = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
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fn try_into(self) -> Result<U, <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.
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impl<V, T> VZip<V> for T
where V: MultiLane<T>,

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fn vzip(self) -> V