pub struct OnceCell<T> {
    inner: UnsafeCell<Option<T>>,
}
Expand description

A cell which can be written to only once.

This allows obtaining a shared &T reference to its inner value without copying or replacing it (unlike Cell), and without runtime borrow checks (unlike RefCell). However, only immutable references can be obtained unless one has a mutable reference to the cell itself.

For a thread-safe version of this struct, see std::sync::OnceLock.

§Examples

use std::cell::OnceCell;

let cell = OnceCell::new();
assert!(cell.get().is_none());

let value: &String = cell.get_or_init(|| {
    "Hello, World!".to_string()
});
assert_eq!(value, "Hello, World!");
assert!(cell.get().is_some());

Fields§

§inner: UnsafeCell<Option<T>>

Implementations§

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impl<T> OnceCell<T>

const: 1.70.0 · source

pub const fn new() -> OnceCell<T>

Creates a new empty cell.

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pub fn get(&self) -> Option<&T>

Gets the reference to the underlying value.

Returns None if the cell is empty.

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pub fn get_mut(&mut self) -> Option<&mut T>

Gets the mutable reference to the underlying value.

Returns None if the cell is empty.

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pub fn set(&self, value: T) -> Result<(), T>

Sets the contents of the cell to value.

§Errors

This method returns Ok(()) if the cell was empty and Err(value) if it was full.

§Examples
use std::cell::OnceCell;

let cell = OnceCell::new();
assert!(cell.get().is_none());

assert_eq!(cell.set(92), Ok(()));
assert_eq!(cell.set(62), Err(62));

assert!(cell.get().is_some());
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pub fn try_insert(&self, value: T) -> Result<&T, (&T, T)>

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (once_cell_try_insert)

Sets the contents of the cell to value if the cell was empty, then returns a reference to it.

§Errors

This method returns Ok(&value) if the cell was empty and Err(&current_value, value) if it was full.

§Examples
#![feature(once_cell_try_insert)]

use std::cell::OnceCell;

let cell = OnceCell::new();
assert!(cell.get().is_none());

assert_eq!(cell.try_insert(92), Ok(&92));
assert_eq!(cell.try_insert(62), Err((&92, 62)));

assert!(cell.get().is_some());
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pub fn get_or_init<F>(&self, f: F) -> &T
where F: FnOnce() -> T,

Gets the contents of the cell, initializing it with f if the cell was empty.

§Panics

If f panics, the panic is propagated to the caller, and the cell remains uninitialized.

It is an error to reentrantly initialize the cell from f. Doing so results in a panic.

§Examples
use std::cell::OnceCell;

let cell = OnceCell::new();
let value = cell.get_or_init(|| 92);
assert_eq!(value, &92);
let value = cell.get_or_init(|| unreachable!());
assert_eq!(value, &92);
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pub fn get_or_try_init<F, E>(&self, f: F) -> Result<&T, E>
where F: FnOnce() -> Result<T, E>,

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (once_cell_try)

Gets the contents of the cell, initializing it with f if the cell was empty. If the cell was empty and f failed, an error is returned.

§Panics

If f panics, the panic is propagated to the caller, and the cell remains uninitialized.

It is an error to reentrantly initialize the cell from f. Doing so results in a panic.

§Examples
#![feature(once_cell_try)]

use std::cell::OnceCell;

let cell = OnceCell::new();
assert_eq!(cell.get_or_try_init(|| Err(())), Err(()));
assert!(cell.get().is_none());
let value = cell.get_or_try_init(|| -> Result<i32, ()> {
    Ok(92)
});
assert_eq!(value, Ok(&92));
assert_eq!(cell.get(), Some(&92))
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pub fn into_inner(self) -> Option<T>

Consumes the cell, returning the wrapped value.

Returns None if the cell was empty.

§Examples
use std::cell::OnceCell;

let cell: OnceCell<String> = OnceCell::new();
assert_eq!(cell.into_inner(), None);

let cell = OnceCell::new();
cell.set("hello".to_string()).unwrap();
assert_eq!(cell.into_inner(), Some("hello".to_string()));
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pub fn take(&mut self) -> Option<T>

Takes the value out of this OnceCell, moving it back to an uninitialized state.

Has no effect and returns None if the OnceCell hasn’t been initialized.

Safety is guaranteed by requiring a mutable reference.

§Examples
use std::cell::OnceCell;

let mut cell: OnceCell<String> = OnceCell::new();
assert_eq!(cell.take(), None);

let mut cell = OnceCell::new();
cell.set("hello".to_string()).unwrap();
assert_eq!(cell.take(), Some("hello".to_string()));
assert_eq!(cell.get(), None);

Trait Implementations§

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impl<T> Clone for OnceCell<T>
where T: Clone,

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fn clone(&self) -> OnceCell<T>

Returns a copy of the value. Read more
1.0.0 · source§

fn clone_from(&mut self, source: &Self)

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more
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impl<T> Debug for OnceCell<T>
where T: Debug,

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fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result<(), Error>

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
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impl<T> Default for OnceCell<T>

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fn default() -> OnceCell<T>

Returns the “default value” for a type. Read more
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impl<T> From<T> for OnceCell<T>

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fn from(value: T) -> OnceCell<T>

Creates a new OnceCell<T> which already contains the given value.

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impl<T> PartialEq for OnceCell<T>
where T: PartialEq,

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fn eq(&self, other: &OnceCell<T>) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==.
1.0.0 · source§

fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason.
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impl<T> Eq for OnceCell<T>
where T: Eq,

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impl<T> !Sync for OnceCell<T>

Auto Trait Implementations§

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impl<T> !RefUnwindSafe for OnceCell<T>

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impl<T> Send for OnceCell<T>
where T: Send,

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impl<T> Unpin for OnceCell<T>
where T: Unpin,

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impl<T> UnwindSafe for OnceCell<T>
where T: UnwindSafe,

Blanket Implementations§

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impl<T> Any for T
where T: 'static + ?Sized,

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fn type_id(&self) -> TypeId

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more
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impl<U> As for U

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fn as_<T>(self) -> T
where T: CastFrom<U>,

Casts self to type T. The semantics of numeric casting with the as operator are followed, so <T as As>::as_::<U> can be used in the same way as T as U for numeric conversions. Read more
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impl<T> Borrow<T> for T
where T: ?Sized,

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fn borrow(&self) -> &T

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
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impl<T> BorrowMut<T> for T
where T: ?Sized,

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fn borrow_mut(&mut self) -> &mut T

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
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impl<T1> DecodeUntypedSlice for T1
where T1: From<UntypedValue>,

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fn decode_untyped_slice(results: &[UntypedValue]) -> Result<T1, UntypedError>

Decodes the slice of [UntypedValue] as a value of type Self. Read more
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impl<T> Downcast for T
where T: Any,

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fn into_any(self: Box<T>) -> Box<dyn Any>

Convert Box<dyn Trait> (where Trait: Downcast) to Box<dyn Any>. Box<dyn Any> can then be further downcast into Box<ConcreteType> where ConcreteType implements Trait.
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fn into_any_rc(self: Rc<T>) -> Rc<dyn Any>

Convert Rc<Trait> (where Trait: Downcast) to Rc<Any>. Rc<Any> can then be further downcast into Rc<ConcreteType> where ConcreteType implements Trait.
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fn as_any(&self) -> &(dyn Any + 'static)

Convert &Trait (where Trait: Downcast) to &Any. This is needed since Rust cannot generate &Any’s vtable from &Trait’s.
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fn as_any_mut(&mut self) -> &mut (dyn Any + 'static)

Convert &mut Trait (where Trait: Downcast) to &Any. This is needed since Rust cannot generate &mut Any’s vtable from &mut Trait’s.
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impl<Q, K> Equivalent<K> for Q
where Q: Eq + ?Sized, K: Borrow<Q> + ?Sized,

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fn equivalent(&self, key: &K) -> bool

Compare self to key and return true if they are equal.
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impl<Q, K> Equivalent<K> for Q
where Q: Eq + ?Sized, K: Borrow<Q> + ?Sized,

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fn equivalent(&self, key: &K) -> bool

Checks if this value is equivalent to the given key. Read more
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impl<Q, K> Equivalent<K> for Q
where Q: Eq + ?Sized, K: Borrow<Q> + ?Sized,

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fn equivalent(&self, key: &K) -> bool

Compare self to key and return true if they are equal.
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impl<T> From<!> for T

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fn from(t: !) -> T

Converts to this type from the input type.
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impl<T> From<T> for T

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fn from(t: T) -> T

Returns the argument unchanged.

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impl<T, U> Into<U> for T
where U: From<T>,

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fn into(self) -> U

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

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impl<T> Pointable for T

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const ALIGN: usize = _

The alignment of pointer.
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type Init = T

The type for initializers.
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unsafe fn init(init: <T as Pointable>::Init) -> usize

Initializes a with the given initializer. Read more
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unsafe fn deref<'a>(ptr: usize) -> &'a T

Dereferences the given pointer. Read more
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unsafe fn deref_mut<'a>(ptr: usize) -> &'a mut T

Mutably dereferences the given pointer. Read more
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unsafe fn drop(ptr: usize)

Drops the object pointed to by the given pointer. Read more
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impl<T> Same for T

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type Output = T

Should always be Self
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impl<T> ToOwned for T
where T: Clone,

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type Owned = T

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.
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fn to_owned(&self) -> T

Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more
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fn clone_into(&self, target: &mut T)

Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more
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impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for T
where U: Into<T>,

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type Error = Infallible

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
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fn try_from(value: U) -> Result<T, <T as TryFrom<U>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.
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impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for T
where U: TryFrom<T>,

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type Error = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
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fn try_into(self) -> Result<U, <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.
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impl<V, T> VZip<V> for T
where V: MultiLane<T>,

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fn vzip(self) -> V