pub struct Ref<'b, T>
where T: 'b + ?Sized,
{ value: NonNull<T>, borrow: BorrowRef<'b>, }
Expand description

Wraps a borrowed reference to a value in a RefCell box. A wrapper type for an immutably borrowed value from a RefCell<T>.

See the module-level documentation for more.

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§value: NonNull<T>§borrow: BorrowRef<'b>

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impl<'b, T> Ref<'b, T>
where T: ?Sized,

1.15.0 · source

pub fn clone(orig: &Ref<'b, T>) -> Ref<'b, T>

Copies a Ref.

The RefCell is already immutably borrowed, so this cannot fail.

This is an associated function that needs to be used as Ref::clone(...). A Clone implementation or a method would interfere with the widespread use of r.borrow().clone() to clone the contents of a RefCell.

1.8.0 · source

pub fn map<U, F>(orig: Ref<'b, T>, f: F) -> Ref<'b, U>
where F: FnOnce(&T) -> &U, U: ?Sized,

Makes a new Ref for a component of the borrowed data.

The RefCell is already immutably borrowed, so this cannot fail.

This is an associated function that needs to be used as Ref::map(...). A method would interfere with methods of the same name on the contents of a RefCell used through Deref.

§Examples
use std::cell::{RefCell, Ref};

let c = RefCell::new((5, 'b'));
let b1: Ref<'_, (u32, char)> = c.borrow();
let b2: Ref<'_, u32> = Ref::map(b1, |t| &t.0);
assert_eq!(*b2, 5)
1.63.0 · source

pub fn filter_map<U, F>( orig: Ref<'b, T>, f: F ) -> Result<Ref<'b, U>, Ref<'b, T>>
where F: FnOnce(&T) -> Option<&U>, U: ?Sized,

Makes a new Ref for an optional component of the borrowed data. The original guard is returned as an Err(..) if the closure returns None.

The RefCell is already immutably borrowed, so this cannot fail.

This is an associated function that needs to be used as Ref::filter_map(...). A method would interfere with methods of the same name on the contents of a RefCell used through Deref.

§Examples
use std::cell::{RefCell, Ref};

let c = RefCell::new(vec![1, 2, 3]);
let b1: Ref<'_, Vec<u32>> = c.borrow();
let b2: Result<Ref<'_, u32>, _> = Ref::filter_map(b1, |v| v.get(1));
assert_eq!(*b2.unwrap(), 2);
1.35.0 · source

pub fn map_split<U, V, F>(orig: Ref<'b, T>, f: F) -> (Ref<'b, U>, Ref<'b, V>)
where F: FnOnce(&T) -> (&U, &V), U: ?Sized, V: ?Sized,

Splits a Ref into multiple Refs for different components of the borrowed data.

The RefCell is already immutably borrowed, so this cannot fail.

This is an associated function that needs to be used as Ref::map_split(...). A method would interfere with methods of the same name on the contents of a RefCell used through Deref.

§Examples
use std::cell::{Ref, RefCell};

let cell = RefCell::new([1, 2, 3, 4]);
let borrow = cell.borrow();
let (begin, end) = Ref::map_split(borrow, |slice| slice.split_at(2));
assert_eq!(*begin, [1, 2]);
assert_eq!(*end, [3, 4]);
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pub fn leak(orig: Ref<'b, T>) -> &'b T

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (cell_leak)

Convert into a reference to the underlying data.

The underlying RefCell can never be mutably borrowed from again and will always appear already immutably borrowed. It is not a good idea to leak more than a constant number of references. The RefCell can be immutably borrowed again if only a smaller number of leaks have occurred in total.

This is an associated function that needs to be used as Ref::leak(...). A method would interfere with methods of the same name on the contents of a RefCell used through Deref.

§Examples
#![feature(cell_leak)]
use std::cell::{RefCell, Ref};
let cell = RefCell::new(0);

let value = Ref::leak(cell.borrow());
assert_eq!(*value, 0);

assert!(cell.try_borrow().is_ok());
assert!(cell.try_borrow_mut().is_err());

Trait Implementations§

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impl<T> Debug for Ref<'_, T>
where T: Debug + ?Sized,

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fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result<(), Error>

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
1.20.0 · source§

impl<T> Display for Ref<'_, T>
where T: Display + ?Sized,

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fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result<(), Error>

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
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impl<T> Deref for Ref<'_, T>
where T: ?Sized,

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type Target = T

The resulting type after dereferencing.
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fn deref(&self) -> &T

Dereferences the value.
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impl<'b, T, U> CoerceUnsized<Ref<'b, U>> for Ref<'b, T>
where T: Unsize<U> + ?Sized, U: ?Sized,

Auto Trait Implementations§

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impl<'b, T> !RefUnwindSafe for Ref<'b, T>

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impl<'b, T> !Send for Ref<'b, T>

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impl<'b, T> !Sync for Ref<'b, T>

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impl<'b, T: ?Sized> Unpin for Ref<'b, T>

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impl<'b, T> !UnwindSafe for Ref<'b, T>

Blanket Implementations§

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impl<T> Any for T
where T: 'static + ?Sized,

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fn type_id(&self) -> TypeId

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more
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impl<U> As for U

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fn as_<T>(self) -> T
where T: CastFrom<U>,

Casts self to type T. The semantics of numeric casting with the as operator are followed, so <T as As>::as_::<U> can be used in the same way as T as U for numeric conversions. Read more
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impl<T> Borrow<T> for T
where T: ?Sized,

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fn borrow(&self) -> &T

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
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impl<T> BorrowMut<T> for T
where T: ?Sized,

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fn borrow_mut(&mut self) -> &mut T

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
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impl<T> Downcast for T
where T: Any,

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fn into_any(self: Box<T>) -> Box<dyn Any>

Convert Box<dyn Trait> (where Trait: Downcast) to Box<dyn Any>. Box<dyn Any> can then be further downcast into Box<ConcreteType> where ConcreteType implements Trait.
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fn into_any_rc(self: Rc<T>) -> Rc<dyn Any>

Convert Rc<Trait> (where Trait: Downcast) to Rc<Any>. Rc<Any> can then be further downcast into Rc<ConcreteType> where ConcreteType implements Trait.
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fn as_any(&self) -> &(dyn Any + 'static)

Convert &Trait (where Trait: Downcast) to &Any. This is needed since Rust cannot generate &Any’s vtable from &Trait’s.
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fn as_any_mut(&mut self) -> &mut (dyn Any + 'static)

Convert &mut Trait (where Trait: Downcast) to &Any. This is needed since Rust cannot generate &mut Any’s vtable from &mut Trait’s.
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impl<T> From<T> for T

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fn from(t: T) -> T

Returns the argument unchanged.

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impl<T, U> Into<U> for T
where U: From<T>,

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fn into(self) -> U

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

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impl<T> Pointable for T

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const ALIGN: usize = _

The alignment of pointer.
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type Init = T

The type for initializers.
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unsafe fn init(init: <T as Pointable>::Init) -> usize

Initializes a with the given initializer. Read more
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unsafe fn deref<'a>(ptr: usize) -> &'a T

Dereferences the given pointer. Read more
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unsafe fn deref_mut<'a>(ptr: usize) -> &'a mut T

Mutably dereferences the given pointer. Read more
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unsafe fn drop(ptr: usize)

Drops the object pointed to by the given pointer. Read more
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impl<T> Same for T

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type Output = T

Should always be Self
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impl<T> ToString for T
where T: Display + ?Sized,

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default fn to_string(&self) -> String

Converts the given value to a String. Read more
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impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for T
where U: Into<T>,

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type Error = Infallible

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
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fn try_from(value: U) -> Result<T, <T as TryFrom<U>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.
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impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for T
where U: TryFrom<T>,

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type Error = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
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fn try_into(self) -> Result<U, <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.
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impl<V, T> VZip<V> for T
where V: MultiLane<T>,

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fn vzip(self) -> V